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Periodontal Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease Sore Gums Periodontics

What is periodontal gum disease?

The word "periodontal" literally means around the tooth. Periodontal diseases, also known as gum disease, are chronic bacterial infections that can damage the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss. The main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria and toxins in dental plaque, a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on the teeth. Plaque buildup can lead to the earliest and mildest form of the disease, gingivitis. During this stage, gum tissue can swell, turn red and bleed easily, causing little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is reversible with professional, treatment and good at home oral hygiene without this care, you put yourself at risk for more severe forms of periodontal disease.

Causes of periodontal gum disease.

Gum disease (gingivitis) and periodontitis can be caused by a variety of factors, but the most common cause is ineffective oral hygiene, which leads to a build-up of plaque. Plaque is a soft, sticky substance that is made when bacteria collect on the surface of your teeth.

Your mouth is full of millions of tiny bacteria. When you consume food and drink that are high in carbohydrates, such as sugary foods or drinks, the bacteria break the carbohydrates down into acid. The acid then combines with the bacteria, the saliva in your mouth and the small particles of food that are left after brushing, to produce a sticky film called plaque.

Plaque can be easily removed by brushing your teeth 2-3 times per day and flossing once per day. Sometimes, when plaque is not removed, it can harden and form another substance, known as tartar. Tartar sticks much more firmly to teeth than plaque, and can usually only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Ineffective oral hygiene can lead to a build-up of plaque and tartar on your teeth. When this happens, the bacteria can cause sore gums and inflamed (swollen) gums, leading to gum disease. If gum disease is not treated and the plaque and tartar continue to build up, you may develop periodontitis. This can cause your teeth to become loose or even fall out.

Periodontal Gum Tissue Anatomy