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Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome is a very painful, frustrating condition described as a searing sensation in the lips or throughout the mouth. Although it can affect anyone, it is most common in middle-aged or older women. Moderate to severe burning in the mouth is the main symptom and can persist for months or years. Some people feel constant pain, but for others the pain comes and goes. It is often reported that the burning sensation begins in late morning, peaks in the evening, and subsides at night. Burning mouth is associated with a variety of medical conditions, but their connection is unclear. The exact cause cannot always be identified with certainty.


What are the possible causes of Burning mouth syndrome?

  • damage to nerves that control pain and taste
  • hormonal changes
  • dry mouth--caused by many medicines and disorders
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • oral candidiasis (thrush), a fungal infection in the mouth
  • acid reflux
  • poorly-fitting dentures or allergies to denture materials

What is the treatment for Burning mouth syndrome?

  • adjusting or replacing irritating dentures
  • treating diabetes, Sj√∂gren's syndrome, or a thyroid problem
  • recommending vitamin supplements for nutritional deficiencies
  • prescribing medications to control pain, treat thrush, or relieve dry mouth, anxiety, and depression

Helpful tips

  • Sip water frequently or suck on ice chips
  • Use saliva substitutes
  • Avoid irritating substances like hot, spicy foods; mouthwashes that contain alcohol; and products high in acid, like citrus juices
  • Chew sugarless gum
  • Brush your teeth/dentures with baking soda and water
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco products
Burning Mouth Syndrome